This program discusses papal reactions to church dissidents. Thirteenth-century fragmentation of religious orders into various sects is examined. Discussions include St. Francis of Assisi; the French Albigenses sect and the Albigensean Crusade; the fall of Albi; the Cathars and their extermination by the inquisition; Pope Innocent III; the founding of the Dominican order; and the Ecumenical Council of 1215.
St. Francis of Assisi revolutionized Christianity in 13th-century Tuscany with his down-to-earth belief that poverty, chastity, and obedience should shape an individual's relationship with God. By going back to Christ's original message, he played a pivotal role in the genesis of the Renaissance. This poignant program investigates how St. Francis's infusion of emotion and nature into the Christian mainstream inspired artists of the period to produce naturalistic depictions of him that were full of action and feeling.
Samples of videos found in the Digital Video database.
From the series: Mystic Women of the Middle Ages
"Provides a biography of Clare's life along with an in-depth analysis of Clare's relationship to the Church and to her peer St. Francis. A history of religious orders is also provided, as is testimony regarding the legacy that continues to draw contemporary women to her vision."--Container.
Giotto (1266?-1337) The son of a Tuscan shepherd, Giotto di Bondone rose to become the most important artist of his age, kick starting the Renaissance with his naturalistic and emotive treatment of medieval Christian iconography. Giotto enjoyed fame never before known to an artist, receiving commissions from princes, kings and Popes, and in doing so raised the status of the artist from that of a mere craftsman to that of a poet or philosopher. Through his immense talent with a brush and his visionary artistic style, Giotto made the vital departure from the Byzantine style of painting that had dominated Christian iconography for close to a thousand years. Instead of following his artistic predecessors, Giotto took nature as his teacher and narrative as his guide, creating a precedent that would be followed by the leading artists of the high Renaissance. For the first time an artist had developed an individual style, something which would come to epitomise the spirit of artistic endeavour in the centuries to come. Giotto is truly the first great artist in the history of Western art. Works featured in this program include the frescoes of the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua (1304-1306), the Church of St Francis in Assisi (1295-1300) and the Bardi and Peruzzi chapels (1320s) in Santa Croce in Florence as well as the Ognissanti Madonna and Child altarpiece (1305-1310) in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence.
Authentic music and instruments are used by various European performers in performances located in cathedrals and villages in northern Italy. Includes reflections on the meaning of the music and its heritage.