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Writing Styles: APA: References

Basic APA, Chicago Style and MLA documentation.

APA References: Books

Information needed:

  • The name(s) of the author(s)
  • The year the book was published
  • The full title
  • The edition (if applicable)
  • The city and state the book was published in
  • The name of the publisher

Sample:

Author's last name, first (and middle, if available) initial. (year published). Title of book (edition). City, ST: Name of Publisher.

One author:

McMillan, J.H. (2004). Educational research: Fundamentals for the consumer (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Education.

Two authors:

Roy, C., & Andrews, H.A. (1999). The Roy adaptation model (2nd ed.) Stamford, CT: Appleton & Lange.

Three (or more) authors:

Smeltzer, S.C., Bare, B.G., Hinkle, J.L., & Cheever, K.H. (2010). Brunner & Suddarth's textbook of medical-surgical nursing (8th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.


APA References: Articles from Websites

Information needed:

  • The name(s) of the author(s)
  • The year the article was published
  • The full title of the article
  • The name of the website
  • The web address where the article was found

Sample:

Author's last name, first initial. (year published). Title of article. Name of Website. Retrieved from entire URL (or web address)

Authored by a person or people:

Schechter, D.(2011). School days look (a little) better closer to home. CNN. Retrieved from http: newsroom.blogs.cnn.com.2011/08/26/school-days-look-a-little-better-closer-to-home/?iref=storysearch

Authored by an organization or group

The American Nurses Association. (2012). Safe patient handling. NursingWorld. Retrieved from http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/WorkplaceSafety/SafePatient

APA References: Journal Articles

Information needed:

  • The name(s) of the author(s)
  • The year the journal was published
  • The full title of the article
  • The name of the journal
  • The volume and issue number
  • The page numbers
  • The doi of the article (if applicable)
  • The name of the database where the article was retrieved (if applicable)
  • The web address where the article was found (if applicable)

Sample:

Author's last name, first initial. (year). Title of article. Name of Journal, Vol.#(issue#), page number-page number.

Periodicals:

Scherer, M. (2011). Teaching screenagers: Transforming education with technology: A conversation with Karen Cator. Educational Leadership, 68(5), 16-21.

From database, with doi:

LaGuardia, C. (2011). Library instruction in the digital age. Journal of Library Administration, 51(3), 301-308. doi:10.1080/01930826.2011.556948

From database, without doi:

LaGuardia, C. (2011). Library instruction in the digital age. Journal of Library Administration, 51(3), 301-308. Retrieved from www.tandfonline.com/loi/wjla20

From website:

Scherer, M. (2011). Teaching screenagers: Transforming education with technology: A conversation with Karen Cator. Educational Leadership, 68(5), 16-21. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/feb11/vol68/num05/Transforming-Education-with-Technology.aspx